There are a number of various types of data security The most common include:

Authentication — The process of confirming that those accessing your information are who they say they are. This includes passwords or multifactor identification as well as other identity verification methods.

Encryption — The process of changing information into a format that is unreadable, which means only those who have the appropriate keys are able to view it. This protects sensitive information at rest and in transit including databases, files and emails.

Monitoring – The act of preventing malicious actors from accessing or transferring data from your network, by blocking or intercepting them at the gateway. This can include data loss prevention (DLP) technology and encryption, as well as training employees on the best practices.

Backups — The capability to quickly and safely restore data in the event that a system failure or cyberattack or data breach occurs. This can be done by creating a copy of data in a different format, or by storing data in the cloud.

Data minimization is the process of storing only information that is essential to your business. This reduces your risk by decreasing the number of hackers’ targets. It also helps save storage costs and prevents bloat that could result in compliance issues.